Chocolate dates back thousands of years in Mesoamerica, though it didn’t arrive in Europe until the 1500s. But, once it did, the continent’s rich and famous became grade A chocoholics.
The story of the Little Ice Age is one of winters so cold that rivers froze, summers so arid crops failed, and people so desperate that history changed. Who ever said a centuries long climatological phenomenon couldn’t make for a compelling story?
We’ve all read about those Europeans who came to the colonial Americas to live. But what of those who came to die? Among the more religiously minded colonists, especially those who belonged to the Society of Jesus, the notion of being a martyr, of joining the hallowed ranks of the early converts slaughtered in Roman coliseums, was an appealing one. Or, at least, so they claimed.
Empires, from ancient to modern, have sought to justify their conquests, using buzzwords form ‘Christianity’ to ‘civilization’ to ‘democracy.’
Jesuits who never met and lived thousands of miles apart described Native American spiritual beliefs in the same way. Jesui-what?!
The casta system of race evolved in New Spain, invented to keep the colonizing Spanish at the top of an evovling social hierarchy.