The story of the Little Ice Age is one of winters so cold that rivers froze, summers so arid crops failed, and people so desperate that history changed. Who ever said a centuries long climatological phenomenon couldn’t make for a compelling story?
The Dutch felt like they got a steal on the purchase of Manhattan. The Lenape they delt with, however, left that meeting with a very different impression.
The Spanish Requirement of 1513 contained a twisted logic that enabled the slaughter of indigenous peoples across the Americas.
The Continental Congress attempted to convince their ‘friends and fellow subjects’ in Quebec to join in on the fun of the American Revolution. And they pulled out all the stops to flatter their amis to the north.
We’ve all read about those Europeans who came to the colonial Americas to live. But what of those who came to die? Among the more religiously minded colonists, especially those who belonged to the Society of Jesus, the notion of being a martyr, of joining the hallowed ranks of the early converts slaughtered in Roman coliseums, was an appealing one. Or, at least, so they claimed.
Two ideas, the Beaver Wars and the Mourning Wars, have defined the way we think of the Franco-Iroquoian conflicts of the sixteenth-century. Which is better?
A look into the history of the Atlantic World, and the way historians use the Atlantic World paradigm to reinvent the way we think about the past.
Empires, from ancient to modern, have sought to justify their conquests, using buzzwords form ‘Christianity’ to ‘civilization’ to ‘democracy.’